Historical centre of Satriano – the antient hamlet.
Satriano di Lucania: birthplace of Giovanni De Gregorio called "Il Pietrafesa", an acknowledged artist of 1600, adhering to the artistic / cultural current of Neapolitan mannerism.
At Satriano there are 2 canvases attributed to the artist on mentioned; A fresco located on the central wall of the chapel named after San Giovanni Battista; numerous murals that tell about the birth and work of the artist mostly located in the historical centre of the town; Several monographs kept in the municipal library.
In many municipalities in the province of Potenza, Matera and Valle di Diano, there are traces of works attributed to De Gregorio.
He is burried at the church of Pignola (PZ).
|Cultural interest evaluation||The territorial context is the municipality of Satriano di Lucania., in ancient times Pietrafesa, a village that gave birth to one of the most important southern artists of XVII Giovanni De Gregorio called "Pietrafesa".
Pietrafesa worked in a century of strong religiosity, offering his art to Basilicata,and he did pilgrimages like a friar going everywhere he was needed. He was able to represent with images and paintings the miracles of faith and the stories of the Virgin Mary, the angels, the saints, and, above all, Christ.
|Context||Southern Italy of 1600. Artistic-cultural current of Neapolitan mannerism.|
|Description of the management mode||The intervention of cultural animation and of specific interest of the community,economic operators and visitors, moves through the enhancement of the figure of Giovanni de Gragorio, called "Pietrafesa", through two forms of intervention:
1.Recovery of the tradition through the evocation of the games of the past,for example tug-of-war,the sack race , etc .; An animation event involving painting to be organized in the historical centre of Satriano di Lucania with the support of specialized associations. The streets will be decorated with art and creativity for the tribute to its painter.After this,a jury of experts will reward the best painting.
2. Promotion of typical local products through the involvement of economic operators, primarily the farms present on the territory. They will be included in the event through the preparation of a gastronomic itinerary designed for the streets of the historical centre of Satriano di Lucania.Folk and traditional music artists will be present. To create an environment of particular interest that represents an added and distinctive value of the event, the "human plastic frameworks" will be featured,that will represent a specific "Pietrafesa" canvas. This will be the subject of a conference, held by an expert, at the Rocca Duca di Poggiardo, current multimedia museum site dedicated to the artist, in order to examine in depth his figure and his work.
|Significant features||The painter Giovanni de Gregorio is known mainly with the name "Il Pietrafesa" or "Pietrafesano", a nickname with which he likes to sign his works and that refers to his native country, the ancient Satriano di Lucania.
His birth was in Pietrafesa around 1579and this is testified by a notarial document of 1595, in which the painter Fabrizio Santafede of Naples agrees with Gregorio de Gregorio to take his sixteen-year-old son Giovanni for six years to work in his studio.
After 1595, when he began his apprenticeship, the archival sources went silent, and the absence of information makes the reconstruction of this crucial period very difficult.
In 1608 his first signed work, the Pietà, was preserved in the church of San Francesco in Potenza. The work witnesses the return to the land of origin, where the high quality of his pictorial production gave him a prominent role and a position of absolute prestige in the art of the time.
Until the mid-thirties of the XVII his pictorial activity was unstoppable. Many towns in the area between Lucania and Princiato Citra, in fact, retain pictorial testimonies of Il Pietrafesa, often conserved in churches and convents belonging to the Franciscan Order.
The last works are dated back to the late 1640s and early 1650s (such as the Crucifixion with St. Dominic, 1653, for the Dominican Church in Matera).
Some documents relating to a son of Giovanni, Giuseppe, also a painter, underline important information on the last stage of Il Pietrafesa . Giovanni de Gregorio, after the birth of his son in Vignola (1637, today Pignola), retired to Pietrafesa, where he lived until his death in 1656. This excludes the artist from dying in 1646, as Constantine Gatta refers , who undoubtably wrote the death date wrong on his tomb,conserved in the parish church of Pignola.
|Bibliography||- Silvano Saccone, Petrafisianus Pingebat, Fausto Fiorentino Editore, Napoli, 1993.
- Stefano de Mieri, Profilo storico-critico dell'opera di Giovanni de Gregorio detto Il Pietrafesa, Il Palco dei Colori, 2012.
- Francesco Abbate, Storia dell'arte nell'Italia meridionale, Volume III, 2001, pp. 359-360.
- Rossella Villani, Pittura in Basilicata.
- Silvia Sbardella, Dizionario biografico degli Italiani, 2003.
- Lauramaria Figundio, Il Palco dei Colori in In Arte Multiversi, anno VIII - nº 5, 2012, pp- 5-6
Safeguard plan proposed
All the cultural associations,musical groups,artists.economic operators(artisans,catering operators and retailers)present on the territory are involved.
Fonte: APT Basilicata